Defending Europe: Dual-Use Technologies and Drone Development in the European Union
Dr Raluca Csernatoni



numero uk35
langue ukdr fr

nbpage fr66




Executive Summary

Since the conception of the modern state, the defence dimension, including the defence industry, has been perceived as a fundamental element of a state’s sovereignty and monopoly, principally endorsed and subsidized by national governments. Nevertheless, the defence sector is subjected to globalization processes that are determining the emergence of transnational defence markets and structures, weakening the so called national monopoly over defence industries, which in turn are creating new opportunities for transnational defence cooperation. Political consensus has been developing within the European Union (EU) milieu for defence capacity-building, but pragmatic responses remain at best declaratory and weak. An agenda to fund for defence by stealth and to generate new capabilities seems to be the way ahead: through the hybridization of civilian-military R&D and by funding for dual-use technologies such as EU-endorsed Remote Piloted Aircraft Systems (RPAS). While formally remaining an intergovernmental agency under the Council’s authority, the European Defence Agency’s (EDA) success in implementing substantive changes remains debatable, especially in terms of building a more integrated, technologically and economically superior strategy for drone development. Costly Research & Development (R&D) and Research & Technology (R&T) investment programs for security and defence purposes have always been highly controversial, especially in terms of tapping the European taxpayers’ money. The social impact of such disruptive technologies is of clear importance, especially if dual-use drones are being developed within the broader European ‘public interest’ to achieve the goals of citizens and maximize some larger social welfare function. What drives the backing of this recent policy agenda that what is it exactly that justifies and calls for financing and researching dual-use technologies such as RPAS?

The views expressed are only those of the author.


Keywords: genocide European Union (EU), Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP), European Commission (EC), European Defence Agency (EDA), European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA), Capabilities-Expectations Gap, Research & Technology (R&T), Research & Development (R&D), Horizon 2020, Permanent Structured Cooperation, European Defence Technological and Industrial Base (EDTIB), Dual-Use Technology, Remote Piloted Aircraft Systems (RPAS), Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs), Hybrid Drones



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