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This paper examines the elements relating to European security and defence contained in the French Defence White Paper published in July 2013. While re-lauching the European security and defence policy is one of the priorities of France, the emphasis lies on the continued dual EU-NATO commitment, the necessity to cooperate further in the area of capabilities in a pragmatic manner, while also stressing four major concepts which could incidentally prove contrary: cooperation, guarantee of the French sovereignty, protection of national interests and “initial entry” capability. Paris will also try to avoid being strategically eclipsed and to lead the European allies into an approach to increase responsibility through à la carte agreements.