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This paper examines the current issues concerning European defence cooperation and tries to give some ideas for more defence cooperation on a regional and European level by using the Belgian-Dutch navy cooperation as a benchmark. The main problem of Defence as a whole in Europe is the duplication problem. The features of the small but qualitatively deep Belgian-Dutch navy cooperation give an answer to the issue of combining national sovereignty and defence cooperation and make as such the lessening of duplication possible between the Belgian and Dutch navy.